Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
3. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Since the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2019, there have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies, except as disclosed in this note.
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents in the condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company has cash on deposits in several financial institutions which, at times, may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits. The Company has not experienced losses in such accounts and periodically evaluates the creditworthiness of its financial institutions. The Company reduces its credit risk by placing its cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had cash balances in excess of FDIC insurance limits of $1,039,663.
Available-for-sale debt securities are recorded at fair value with the net unrealized gains and losses (that are deemed to be temporary) reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss). Realized gains and losses and charges for other-than-temporary impairments are included in determining net income, with related purchase costs based on the first-in, first-out method. The Company evaluates its available-for-sale-investments for possible other-than-temporary impairments by reviewing factors such as the extent to which, and length of time, an investment’s fair value has been below the Company’s cost basis, the issuer’s financial condition, and the Company’s ability and intent to hold the investment for sufficient time for its market value to recover. For impairments that are other-than-temporary, an impairment loss is recognized in earnings equal to the difference between the investment’s cost and its fair value at the balance sheet date of the reporting period for which the assessment is made. The fair value of the investment then becomes the new amortized cost basis of the investment and it is not adjusted for subsequent recoveries in fair value.
The following summarizes our investments as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
The following is a summary of the unrealized gains, losses, and fair value by investment type as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:
The Company recognizes revenue primarily from four different types of contracts:
The following table summarizes revenue recognized under ASC 606 in the condensed consolidated statements of operations:
The timing of the Company’s revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment by its customers. A receivable is recorded when revenue is recognized prior to payment and the Company has an unconditional right to payment. Alternatively, when payment precedes the provision of the related goods or services, the Company records deferred revenue until the performance obligations are satisfied.
As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $132,671 related to contract liabilities where performance obligations have not yet been satisfied, which has been included within deferred revenue on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations for network fees and warranty revenue and recognize the revenue within the next twelve months.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recognized $63,621 of revenues related to network fees and warranty contracts, which were included in deferred revenues as of December 31, 2019. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, there was no revenue recognized from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in previous periods.
Grants and rebates which are not within the scope of ASC 606, pertaining to revenues and periodic expenses are recognized as income when the related revenue and/or periodic expense are recorded. Grants and rebates related to EV charging stations and their installation are deferred and amortized in a manner consistent with the related depreciation expense of the related asset over their useful lives over the useful life of the charging station. During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded $4,579 and $6,714, respectively, related to grant and rebate revenue. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there was $79,091 and $83,670, respectively, of deferred grant and rebate revenue to be amortized.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, accounts receivable from a significant customer was 11% and 10% of accounts receivable, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, sales to a significant customer represented 12% of the Company’s total revenues. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, sales to another significant customer represented 33% of total revenues.
NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE
Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, plus the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the common share equivalents had been issued (computed using the treasury stock or if converted method), if dilutive.
The following common share equivalents are excluded from the calculation of weighted average common shares outstanding because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”). The CARES Act, amongst other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. Under ASC 740, the effects of new legislation are recognized upon enactment. Accordingly, the CARES Act is effective beginning in the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating how provisions in the CARES Act will impact its condensed consolidated financial statements, however, it does not currently believe that such provisions will have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef