Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2011
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for financial statements and with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for Form 10-K.
DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY
The Company is a development stage company as defined by ASC 915-10 “Development Stage Entities.” The Company is still devoting substantially all of its efforts on establishing the business and developing revenue generating opportunities through its planned principal operations. In the latter half of 2011, the Company’s principal sales operations began however the Company did not recognize significant revenues during the period. All losses accumulated since inception have been considered as part of the Company’s development stage activities.
Historically, the Company has been dependent on debt and equity raised from individual investors to sustain its operations. The Company’s product has not been placed in enough locations to generate significant revenue. The Company has incurred losses and used cash for operating activities since inception. As of December 31, 2011, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $13,650,817. In November, 2011, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement for 2.5 million shares of common stock in exchange for $2.5 million in cash. In accordance with this agreement, the Company issued 1,500,000 shares of common stock at $1.00 per share. The agreement calls for the issuance of 500,000 additional shares to be issued in March of 2012 and 500,000 shares to be issued in June of 2012, each at $1.00 per share. The proceeds from the issuance of the March share subscription were received on April 3, 2012. Although there can be no assurance, management believes that the Company has sufficient resources to fund the Company’s operations through at least December 31, 2012.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reporting period. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents in both the Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. The Company has cash on deposits in several financial institutions which, at times, may be in excess of FDIC insurance limits. Management has deemed this a normal business risk.
EV CHARGING STATIONS
EV Charging Stations represents the depreciable cost of charging devices that have been installed on the premises of participating owner/operator properties. They are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of three years. Upon sale, replacement or retirement, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company held approximately $185,000 in EV charging stations that were not placed in service as of December 31, 2011. The Company will begin depreciating this equipment when installation is substantially complete. Depreciation for the years ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $123,934 and $11,242, respectively.
In December 2010, management determined that EV Charging Stations that were previously recorded as inventory would be used for future installations and reclassified $72,768 in inventory to EV Charging Stations. While the Company’s primary strategy is to earn revenue through the installation and maintenance of EV Charging stations, the Company will sell EV Charging stations on occasion when the opportunity presents itself.
OFFICE AND COMPUTER EQUIPMENT
Office and computer equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of five years. Upon sale or retirement of furniture and fixtures, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in Consolidated Statements of Operations. Depreciation for the years ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $9,437, and $4,932, respectively.
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company has adopted paragraph 360-10-35-17 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for its long-lived assets. The Company’s long-lived assets, which include EV Charging Stations, office and computer equipment and security deposit, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable.
The Company assesses the recoverability of its long-lived assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related long-lived asset or group of long-lived assets over their remaining estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets. Fair value is generally determined using the asset’s expected future discounted cash flows or market value, if readily determinable. If long-lived assets are determined to be recoverable, but the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the net book values of the long-lived assets are depreciated over the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives. The Company determined that there were no impairments of long-lived assets as of December 31, 2011 or December 31, 2010.
DISCOUNT ON DEBT
The Company allocated the proceeds received from convertible debt instruments between the underlying debt instruments and has recorded the conversion feature as a liability in accordance with paragraph 815-15-25-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The conversion feature and certain other features that are considered embedded derivative instruments, such as a conversion reset provision have been recorded at their fair value within the terms of paragraph 815-15-25-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification as its fair value can be separated from the convertible note and its conversion is independent of the underlying note value. The conversion liability is marked to market each reporting period with the resulting gains or losses shown on the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company evaluates its convertible debt, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for in accordance with paragraph 810-10-05-4 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and paragraph 815-40-25 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the embedded derivative is marked-to-market each balance sheet date and recorded as a liability. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the Statement of Operations as other income or expense. Upon conversion or exercise of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then that fair value is reclassified to equity.
In circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument that are required to be bifurcated, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, compound derivative instrument.
The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification are reclassified to liability at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date. Derivative instrument liabilities will be classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is expected within 12 months of the balance sheet date.
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
U.S. GAAP for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted market prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, which are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, deposits and advanced commissions, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The Company’s convertible notes payable approximates the fair value of such instrument based upon management’s best estimate of interest rates that would be available to the Company for similar financial arrangement at December 31, 2011 and 2010.
The Company revalues its derivative liability at every reporting period and recognizes gains or losses in the consolidated statement of operations that are attributable to the change in the fair value of the derivative liability. The Company has no other assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
The Company applies paragraph 605-10-S99-1 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for revenue recognition. The Company will recognize revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (ii) the services have been rendered to the customer, (iii) the sales price is fixed or determinable, and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured. Accordingly, when a customer completes use of a charging station, the service can be deemed rendered and revenue may be recognized
During the year ended December 31, 2011, Management revised the Company’s operating plan in response to customer requests to purchase charging stations that would be provided and serviced by the Company. Management believes that this type of sales activity will continue and will continue to function as a reseller of charging stations. Accordingly, a sale of equipment that was classified in other income (expense) in the second quarter was reclassified to sales revenue.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION FOR OBTAINING EMPLOYEE SERVICES
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to employees and directors pursuant to paragraphs 718-10-30-6 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, whereby all transactions in which services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more readily measurable. The measurement date used to determine the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the performance is complete or the date on which it is probably that performance will occur.
The Company’s policy is to recognize compensation cost for awards with service conditions and when applicable a graded vesting schedule on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.
EQUITY INSTRUMENTS ISSUED TO PARTIES OTHER THAN EMPLOYEES FOR ACQUIRING GOODS OR SERVICES
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to parties other than employees for acquiring goods or services under guidance of section 505-50-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“FASB ASC Section 505-50-30”). Pursuant to FASB ASC Section 505-50-30, all transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The measurement date used to determine the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the performance is complete or the date on which it is probable that performance will occur.
The Company expenses non-direct advertising as incurred. Total advertising expense for the years ending December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was $27,411 and $-0-, respectively.
The Company follows Section 740-10-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Statements of Operations in the period that includes the enactment date.
The Company adopted section 740-10-25 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Section 740-10-25”). Section 740-10-25.addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under Section 740-10-25, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent (50%) likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Section 740-10-25 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes, accounting in interim periods and requires increased disclosures. The Company had no material adjustments to its liabilities for unrecognized income tax benefits according to the provisions of Section 740-10-25.
NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE
Net loss per common share is computed pursuant to section 260-10-45 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potentially outstanding shares of common stock during the period.
The following table shows the number of potentially outstanding dilutive shares excluded from the diluted net loss per share calculation for the year ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, as they were anti-dilutive.
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company follows subtopic 450-20 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to report accounting for contingencies. Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines and penalties and other sources are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment can be reasonably estimated.
CASH FLOWS REPORTING
The Company adopted paragraph 230-10-45-24 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for cash flows reporting, classifies cash receipts and payments according to whether they stem from operating, investing, or financing activities and provides definitions of each category, and uses the indirect or reconciliation method (“Indirect method”) as defined by paragraph 230-10-45-25 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification to report net cash flow from operating activities by adjusting net income to reconcile it to net cash flow from operating activities by removing the effects of (a) all deferrals of past operating cash receipts and payments and all accruals of expected future operating cash receipts and payments and (b) all items that are included in net income that do not affect operating cash receipts and payments.
The Company follows the guidance in Section 855-10-50 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for the disclosure of subsequent events. The Company will evaluate subsequent events through the date when the financial statements were issued. Pursuant to ASU 2010-09 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, the Company as an SEC filer considers its financial statements issued when they are widely distributed to users, such as through filing them on EDGAR.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In January 2010, the FASB amended guidance now codified as FASB ASC Topic 810, “Consolidation”. FASB ASC Topic 810 changes the accounting and reporting for minority interests, which will be re-characterized as non-controlling interests and classified as a component of equity. The amendment of FASB ASC Topic 810-10 establishes the accounting and reporting guidance for non-controlling interests and changes in ownership interests of a subsidiary. FASB ASC Topic 810 is effective for us on a prospective basis for business combinations with an acquisition date beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2010. The adoption of FASB ASC Topic 810 as amended did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2010, the FASB amended its guidance now codified as FASB ASC Topic 505-20, “Equity – Stock Dividends and Stock Splits,” to clarify that the stock portion of a distribution to shareholders that allows them to elect to receive cash or stock with a limit on the amount of cash that will be distributed is not a stock dividend for purposes of applying Topics 505 and 260. These provisions of FASB ASC Topic 505 are effective for interim and annual periods ending after December 15, 2009 and, accordingly, are effective for us for the current fiscal reporting period. The adoption of this pronouncement did not have an impact on our financial condition or results of operations as we do not currently have distributions that allow shareholders such an election.
In January 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance which requires new disclosures and clarifies existing disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Specifically, the changes require disclosure of transfers into and out of “Level 1” and “Level 2” (as defined in the accounting guidance) fair value measurements, and also require more detailed disclosure about the activity within “Level 3” (as defined) fair value measurements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, with the exception of the disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances and settlements of Level 3 assets and liabilities, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010. As this guidance only requires expanded disclosures, the adoption did not impact the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In December 2010, the FASB issued amendments that modify Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test for reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. For those reporting units, an entity is required to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test if it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists. In determining whether it is more likely than not that goodwill impairment exists, an entity should consider whether there are any adverse qualitative factors indicating that impairment may exist. The qualitative factors are consistent with the existing guidance, which requires that goodwill of a reporting unit be tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. These amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2010. Early adoption is not permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In December 2011, an accounting standard update was issued to enhance disclosures and provide converged disclosures in U.S. GAAP and IFRS about financial instruments and derivative instruments that are either offset on the statement of financial position or subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement, irrespective of whether they are offset on the statement of financial position. Entities will be required to provide both net and gross information for those assets and liabilities in order to enhance comparability between entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of U.S. GAAP and entities that prepare their financial statements on the basis of IFRS. The Company is required to adopt this standard update on January 1, 2013. The Company is evaluating the impact that this standard update will have on its consolidated financial statements.
A variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting standards are currently under study by standard-setting organizations and various regulatory agencies. Because of the tentative and preliminary nature of these proposed standards, management has not determined whether implementation of such proposed standards would be material to our consolidated financial statements.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef