Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2013
|Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information, and with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. The unaudited interim financial statements furnished reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2012 and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K as filed with the SEC on April 16, 2013.
DEVELOPMENT STAGE COMPANY
The Company is a development stage company as defined by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 915-10 “Development Stage Entities.” The Company is still devoting substantially all of its efforts on establishing the business and developing revenue generating opportunities through its planned principal operations. In the latter half of 2011, the Company’s principal sales operations began, however the Company did not recognize significant revenues during the period. All losses accumulated since inceptions have been considered as part of the Company’s development stage activities.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reporting period. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Historically, the Company has been dependent on debt and equity raised from individual investors to sustain its operations. The Company’s product has not been placed in enough locations nor have a sufficient number of plug-in electric vehicles been sold that utilize public charging stations to generate significant revenue. The Company has incurred losses and used cash for operating activities. As of March 31, 2013, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $21,163,488. These conditions raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management plans include seeking additional equity investments, sale of energy tax credits, and institution of a cost reduction plan. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents in both the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The Company has cash on deposit in several financial institutions which, at times, may be in excess of FDIC insurance limits. Management has deemed this a normal business risk.
EV CHARGING STATIONS
EV charging stations represent the depreciable cost of charging devices that have been installed on the premises of participating owner/operator properties. They are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of three years. Upon sale, replacement or retirement, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. All purchases of EV charging stations from inception to March 31, 2013 have been from a single vendor. The Company believes that there are other vendors in the marketplace that could supply the Company with comparable EV charging stations at comparable prices and terms. The Company held approximately $1,065,000 and $218,000 in EV charging stations that were not placed in service as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The Company will begin depreciating this equipment when installation is substantially complete. Depreciation for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the period from September 3, 2009 (inception) through March 31, 2013 was $114,608, $28,468 and $478,826, respectively.
In December 2010, management determined that EV charging stations that were previously recorded as inventory would be used for future installations and reclassified $72,768 in inventory to EV charging stations. While the Company’s primary strategy is to earn revenue through the installation of EV charging stations, the Company will sell EV charging stations on occasion when the opportunity presents itself.
OFFICE AND COMPUTER EQUIPMENT
Office and computer equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of five years. Upon sale or retirement of furniture and fixtures, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Depreciation for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the period from September 3, 2009 (inception) through March 31, 2013 was $3,868, $2,620 and $30,472, respectively.
Automobiles are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of five years. Upon sale or retirement of automobiles, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company’s electrically-charged enabled automobile was placed in service in May 2012. Depreciation for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the period from September 3, 2009 (inception) through March 31, 2013 was $5,734, $0, and $21,027 respectively.
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company has adopted paragraph 360-10-35-17 of the FASB ASC for its long-lived assets. The Company’s long-lived assets, which include EV charging stations, office and computer equipment, automobile, domain names, and security deposits, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable.
The Company assesses the recoverability of its long-lived assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related long-lived asset or group of long-lived assets over their remaining estimated useful lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairment, if any, is based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets. Fair value is generally determined using the asset’s expected future discounted cash flows or market value, if readily determinable. If long-lived assets are determined to be recoverable, but the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the net book values of the long-lived assets are depreciated over the newly determined remaining estimated useful lives. The Company determined that there were no impairments of long-lived assets as of March 31, 2013 or December 31, 2012.
DISCOUNT ON DEBT
The Company allocated the proceeds received from convertible debt instruments between the underlying debt instruments and has recorded the conversion feature as a liability in accordance with paragraph 815-15-25-1 of the FASB ASC. The conversion feature and certain other features that are considered embedded derivative instruments, such as a conversion reset provision have been recorded at their fair value within the terms of paragraph 815-15-25-1 of the FASB ASC as its fair value can be separated from the convertible note and its conversion is independent of the underlying note value. The conversion liability is marked to market each reporting period with the resulting gains or losses shown on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The conversion feature associated with the convertible debt outstanding as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 does not contain a reset provision and is amortized over the term of the convertible debt.
The Company evaluates its convertible debt, warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for in accordance with paragraph 810-10-05-4 of the FASB ASC and paragraph 815-40-25 of the FASB ASC. The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the embedded derivative is marked-to-market each balance sheet date and recorded as a liability. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as other income or expense. Upon conversion or exercise of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then that fair value is reclassified to equity.
In circumstances where the embedded conversion option in a convertible instrument is required to be bifurcated and there are also other embedded derivative instruments in the convertible instrument that are required to be bifurcated, the bifurcated derivative instruments are accounted for as a single, compound derivative instrument.
The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is re-assessed at the end of each reporting period. Equity instruments that are initially classified as equity that become subject to reclassification are reclassified to liability at the fair value of the instrument on the reclassification date. Derivative instrument liabilities will be classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument is expected within 12 months of the balance sheet date.
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
U.S. GAAP for fair value measurements establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted market prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, which are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The Company’s notes and convertible notes payable approximates the fair value of such instrument based upon management’s best estimate of interest rates that would be available to the Company for similar financial arrangement at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
The Company revalues its derivative liability at every reporting period and recognizes gains or losses in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations that are attributable to the change in the fair value of the derivative liability. The Company has no other assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
The Company applies paragraph 605-10-S99-1 of the FASB ASC for revenue recognition. The Company will recognize revenue when it is realized or realizable and earned. The Company considers revenue realized or realizable and earned when all of the following criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (ii) the services have been rendered to the customer, (iii) the sales price is fixed or determinable, and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured. Accordingly, when a customer completes use of a charging station, the service can be deemed rendered and revenue may be recognized.
Governmental grants and rebates pertaining to revenues and expenses are recognized as income when the related revenue and/or expense are recorded. Government grants and rebates related to EV charging stations and their installation are deferred and amortized in a manner consistent with the related depreciation expense of the related asset over their useful lives. The Company received a grant and a rebate totaling $59,988 to defray the cost of equipment and installation of 13 charging stations during 2012 from two governmental entities. The rebate and grant are deferred and amortized in a manner consistent with the depreciation expense of the related assets over their useful lives. As a result the Company amortized $4,999 into revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2013.
The Company entered into joint marketing agreement with Nissan North America for which among other matters requires the Company to build, own, operate and maintain a network of 48 fast chargers throughout the United States and create an auto dealer network promotion and referral program so as to facilitate sales of electric vehicles to their potential customers. Revenue received from the agreement on March 29, 2013, $782,880 is deferred and recognized ratably over the life of the chargers, due to inseparable elements. The multiple deliverables are not separate units of accounting because they are not sold separately nor has Nissan North America delineated specific amounts of the revenue to particular elements of the agreement. The Company is required to install the network by December 31, 2013.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION FOR OBTAINING EMPLOYEE SERVICES
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to employees and directors pursuant to paragraphs 718-10-30-6 of the FASB ASC, whereby all transactions in which services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more readily measurable. The measurement date used to determine the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the performance is complete or the date on which it is probable that performance will occur.
The Company’s policy is to recognize compensation cost for awards with service conditions and when applicable a graded vesting schedule on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.
EQUITY INSTRUMENTS ISSUED TO PARTIES OTHER THAN EMPLOYEES FOR ACQUIRING GOODS OR SERVICES
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to parties other than employees for acquiring goods or services under guidance of section 505-50-30 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“FASB ASC Section 505-50-30”). Pursuant to FASB ASC Section 505-50-30, all transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The measurement date used to determine the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the performance is complete or the date on which it is probable that performance will occur.
The Company expenses non-direct advertising as incurred. Total advertising expense for the three months s ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, and for the period from September 3, 2009 (inception) through March 31, 2013 was $0, $0, and $12,124, respectively.
The Company follows Section 740-10-30 of the FASB ASC, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are based on the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent management concludes it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in the period that includes the enactment date.
The Company adopted section 740-10-25 of the FASB ASC (“Section 740-10-25”). Section 740-10-25 addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under Section 740-10-25, the Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent (50%) likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Section 740-10-25 also provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes, accounting in interim periods and requires increased disclosures.
NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE
Net loss per common share is computed pursuant to section 260-10-45 of the FASB ASC. Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potentially outstanding shares of common stock during the period.
The following table shows the weighted-average number of potentially outstanding dilutive shares excluded from the diluted net loss per share calculation for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, as they were anti-dilutive (after giving effect to the Reverse Stock-Split):
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
The Company follows subtopic 450-20 of the FASB ASC to report accounting for contingencies. Liabilities for loss contingencies arising from claims, assessments, litigation, fines and penalties and other sources are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the assessment can be reasonably estimated.
CASH FLOWS REPORTING
The Company adopted paragraph 230-10-45-24 of the FASB ASC for cash flows reporting, classifies cash receipts and payments according to whether they stem from operating, investing, or financing activities and provides definitions of each category, and uses the indirect or reconciliation method (“Indirect Method”) as defined by paragraph 230-10-45-25 of the FASB ASC to report net cash flow from operating activities by adjusting net income to reconcile it to net cash flow from operating activities by removing the effects of (a) all deferrals of past operating cash receipts and payments and all accruals of expected future operating cash receipts and payments and (b) all items that are included in net income that do not affect operating cash receipts and payments.
The Company follows the guidance in Section 855-10-50 of the FASB ASC for the disclosure of subsequent events. The Company will evaluate subsequent events through the date when the financial statements were issued. Pursuant to ASU 2010-09 of the FASB ASC, the Company as an SEC filer considers its financial statements issued when they are widely distributed to users, such as through filing them on EDGAR.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
A variety of proposed or otherwise potential accounting standards are currently under study by standard-setting organizations and various regulatory agencies. Because of the tentative and preliminary nature of these proposed standards, management has not determined whether implementation of such proposed standards would be material to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective accounting pronouncements, if adopted, would have a material effect on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.